Posts tagged ‘Tacitus’

April 7th, 2012

Outlining the Historicity of the Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth

by Max Andrews

Historicity of the Resurrection and Jesus[1]

1. The Five Facts

  • Jesus’ Death by Crucifixion
  • Disciples’ Beliefs that Jesus Appeared
  • Conversion of the Church Persecutor Paul
  • Conversion of Skeptic James
  • Empty Tomb

2. Jesus died due to crucifixion

  • Josephus
  • Tacitus
  • Lucian
  • Mara Bar-Serapion
  • Talmud

3. Jesus’ disciples sincerely believed Jesus rose from the dead and appeared to them

  • They claimed it
  • Paul
  • Oral tradition
  • Creeds (i.e. 1 Cor. 15.3-7)
  • Sermon summaries (i.e. Acts 2
  • Written tradition
    • Gospels
    • Matthew
    • Mark
    • Luke-Acts
    • John
  • Apostolic Fathers
  • June 20th, 2011

    Ancient Texts Compared to the Bible

    by Max Andrews

    Below is a chart that compares popular ancient texts with the Bible in when it was written, the earliest copy we have, and the number of copies there are.  This information is about a decade old so the number of NT manuscripts has most likely increased by now.  This may serve as a simple illustration of a component to the textual reliability of the Bible.

    Author Book When Written Earliest Copy Time Gap No. of Copies
    Homer Iliad 800 BC 400 BC 400 yrs 643
    Herodotus History 480-425 BC AD 900 1,350 yrs 8
    Thucydides History 460-400 BC AD 900 1,300 yrs 8
    Plato   400 BC AD 900 1,300 yrs 7
    Demosthenes   300 BC AD 1100 1,400 yrs 200
    Caesar Gallic Wars 100-44 BC AD 900 1,000 yrs 10
    Livy History of Rome 59 BC – AD 17 4th Cent. (Partial)Mostly 10th Cent. 400 yrs1,000 yrs 1 Partial19 Copies
    Tacitus Annals AD 100 AD 1100 1,000 yrs 20
    Pliny Secundus Natural History AD 61-113 AD 850 750 yrs 7
    New Testament   AD 50-100 AD 114 (fragment)AD 200 (books)

    AD 250 (most of NT)

    AD 325 (complete NT)

    +50 yrs100 yrs

    150 yrs

    225 yrs

    5,366

    Josh McDowell, The New Evidence that Demands a Verdict, 1999.