October 4th, 2012
The follow is a list of terms every beginning apologist should know.
- Christ of Faith—The theological person of Jesus
- Historical Jesus—The actual person/man Jesus who walked the earth
- Source Criticism—Attempt to trace back the literary source of the Gospels
- Synoptic Problem—How do we account for the similarities and differences between the synoptics?
- Two Document Theory—Mark, earliest Gospel, gives framework but lacks much teaching and from Q
- Q—(1890) Source that contained many of the sayings and teachings
- Form Criticism—An analysis of the forms in which the narratives of the Gospels come down to us
- Demythologize—Getting rid of miracles and get to the sole teaching of Jesus—Gospels not historical, spiritual truths, dropping theological claims (Bultmann)
- Criterion of Double Dissimilarity—Something that Jesus said that was either according to early Judaism or early Church Jesus probably didn’t say
- Criterion of Multiple Attestation—Many sources giving the same account
- Criterion of Embarrassment—If the information could potentially damage the truth to the claim it was probably true
- Redaction Criticism—Effects of the editor’s own literary styles and theological presuppositions as put together in the Gospel accounts
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May 8th, 2012
After the first search for the historical Jesus ended in 1906 the next search, or better said, the period of no quest, began and lasted until 1953. At this point there was little optimism for finding the “historical Jesus.” Karl Barth (1886-1968) was the key figure during this time. He claimed that the Jesus of history has little to do with theology–the Christ of faith is more important. Barth ushered in Neo-Orthodoxy–an emphasis on sin, sovereignty, grace, and faith. This was a de-emphasis on what actually happened.
This led to form criticism: An analysis of the forms in which the narratives of the gospels come down to us. Not literary, but their pre-literary oral forms. The idea was that different kinds of stories have distinctive kinds of forms that effect how they should be interpreted: miracle stories, healing stories, apothegms, etc.
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May 7th, 2012
There are three main reasons why the search for the historical Jesus began (of three searches). The first is the problems raised in the Gospels such as consistency, apparent contradictions, historical accuracy, etc. Then there was the problem posed by the Reformation in completely changing the perspective on the Bible and Jesus. Finally, there was the current worldview of modernity. This led many to believe that the Gospels do not give an accurate portrayal of the real Jesus, which caused the need to search through all the sources to find the historical Jesus.
The first search was from 1778-1906. Rationalism and deism became the dominant epistemology and worldviews in the eighteenth century. In 1778 Hermann Reimarus wrote On the Intention of Jesus and the Disciples and was the first to make the distinction between the Christ of faith and the Jesus of history. A gap began to form between history and faith.
Numerous other fictions “lives” of Jesus were written throughout the late eighteenth and into the nineteenth century. These writers included K.F. Bardht (1792), K.H. Venturini (1809), and Heinrich Paulus (1828).
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