Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone Synopsis

by Max Andrews

Immanuel Kant’s Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone synopsis

  • How the free will, even though radically evil, can regenerate itself
  • How Christianity as rationally interpreted exemplifies this process of moral regeneration
  • As such, two views about humanity are rejected by Kant
  • Rejects the view of the enlightenment (Aufklarung) that humans are basically good
  • Rejects the view of human depravity
  • How can the evil disposition be converted to a good one? How is it that oughtness is a can?
  • There must be a revolution of habits, which Kant understands to be the new birth (Jn. 3)
  • How, if we are corrupt, can we cause ourselves to be born again?

There is divine cooperation (grace) but only if we make ourselves worthy (found in Critique of Practical Reason)

  • The individual is autonomous (nothing can alter the will except the will itself).
  • Religion is experience–an internal self-change.
  • Salvation is an internal self-change.
  • The Bible is an autobiography of religious experience.
  • Jesus is the ultimate example of salvation.

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