Terms for Budding Apologists

by Max Andrews

The follow is a list of terms every beginning apologist should know.

  1. Christ of Faith—The theological person of Jesus
  2. Historical Jesus—The actual person/man Jesus who walked the earth
  3. Source Criticism—Attempt to trace back the literary source of the Gospels
  4. Synoptic Problem—How do we account for the similarities and differences between the synoptics?
  5. Two Document Theory—Mark, earliest Gospel, gives framework but lacks much teaching and from Q
  6. Q—(1890) Source that contained many of the sayings and teachings
  7. Form Criticism—An analysis of the forms in which the narratives of the Gospels come down to us
  8. Demythologize—Getting rid of miracles and get to the sole teaching of Jesus—Gospels not historical, spiritual truths, dropping theological claims (Bultmann)
  9. Criterion of Double Dissimilarity—Something that Jesus said that was either according to early Judaism or early Church Jesus probably didn’t say
  10. Criterion of Multiple Attestation—Many sources giving the same account
  11. Criterion of Embarrassment—If the information could potentially damage the truth to the claim it was probably true
  12. Redaction Criticism—Effects of the editor’s own literary styles and theological presuppositions as put together in the Gospel accounts
  13. Syncretism—Pulling together different ideas from different sources and compiling it into the same thing
  14. Cynicism—Identifies Jesus socially and economically:  peasant farmer economically oppressed
  15. The Jesus Seminar—Most well known group of the second search
  16. Bibliographical Test—An examination of the textual transmission by which documents reach us.  Not having the originals, tests how reliable are the manuscripts we have in regards to number and time interval from autograph to extant copy
  17. Autograph—The original text
  18. Extant Manuscript—The copies of the text made from the Autograph
  19. Internal Test—Date and authorship
  20. Counter-Productive Features—points to show that the document is not a later fabrication, which would eliminate the point as being fabricated
  21. External Test—Extrabiblical evidence of Jesus
  22. Testamonium Falvianum—discusses Jesus, Arabic helpful
  23. Pagan Copycat Theory—story of Jesus copied by pagan stories
  24. The Composite Fallacy—one bit of information speaking/representing the whole
  25. The Terminological Fallacy—using a term out of context (baptism of pagans to dunking in a river)
  26. The Chronological Fallacy—in order for the copy cat to work it must precede Christianity
  27. The Dependency Fallacy—putting other pieces of information that depend on another
  28. Tetragrammatonego eimi “I AM”

One Comment to “Terms for Budding Apologists”

  1. This is much appreciated by me!

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