Archive for June 26th, 2012

June 26th, 2012

The Multiverse, Fine-Tuning, and Nomic Probabilities

by Max Andrews

Whenever probability is being considered there must be some type of relevant or total background information (usually depicted as k).  The immediate objection when applying a probability rule or calculus to the fine-tuning of the universe in a multiverse scenario would be to say that this is universe is not an appropriate random sampling.  In other words, if we know of [at least] only one universe with these values the random sample size is precisely 1; thus, no random sample can be used to assess the probability of certain values of physics in the argument.  In statistics a random sample drawn must have the same chance of being sampled as all the other samples.  Since we know of only one universe we do not know what the range of values for the constants and physics could be.  Additionally, since we don’t know how narrow or broad these ranges could be there’s no way of drawing out any probability based argument for fine-tuning.  However, we can know what other universes would be like if the values were different.  If our natural laws have counterfactuals that are in any way incoherent then this is an appropriate sampling.  Also, to make this objection and advocate that we just so happen to live in a life permitting universe in the multiverse then this objection cannot be made since the claim that we happen to life in a life-permitting one amongst countless others suggest we can know what the other samplings are.

June 26th, 2012

The New Creation–What’s Next?

by Max Andrews

We cannot imagine what is going to come next.  [God] has set eternity in the hearts of men; yet they cannot fathom what God has done from the beginning to end (Ecc. 3.11).  No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him (1 Cor. 2.9).  Stretch your mind and strain your eyes to build a sustaining hope.

HOPE is the theme to the new creation.  The creation waits with eager (αποδεχομαι) longing (Rom. 8.19). αποδεχομαι [apodexomai] refers to an anxious, yet careful and patient waiting–a reservation of knowing something is coming but continuing in patience.  Hope that creation will be set free from corruption to bring glory to the children of God (Rom. 8.20-21).  We wait eagerly for the redemption of our bodies, we groan inwardly for the hope that we were saved by (Rom. 8.23-24).  The new creation is unique–hope that is seen is not hope (Rom. 8.24-25).

So, where is heaven and hell? Heaven and hell are physical and not just spiritual.  There is a resurrection of believers (1 Cor. 15) and a resurrection of unbelievers (Dan. 12.2; Rev. 20).  Heaven and hell continue to exist after this creation.  The Bible clarifies that heaven and hell continue after the moment God commands the cosmos to be “rolled up like a scroll” (Is. 34.4), to “disappear with a roar” (2 Pt. 3.10), and to “melt in the heat” (2 Pt. 3.12).  This of it this way: suppose I have a paper with the image of Dante’s universe on it.  It’s two dimensional (for the analogy to work I need to remove a dimension). If I crumble up the piece of paper the external dimensions where I am do not crumble up too.  I can crumble the paper with those dimensions and still not be affected by it.