The following is a timeline for creation laying out the distinct and important moments from a scientific and biblical perspective. For more of my posts on creation please see:
- Were the Days of Creation Long Periods of Time or 24 Hours?
- The Sixth Day of Creation Was Just Too Long to be 24 Hours
- Is There Scientific Evidence for Young Earth Creationism?
- Why I Believe Young Earth Creationism is Simply Dead Wrong
- Young Earth Creationism’s Interpolation
- Yes, There Are Gaps in the Biblical Genealogies
Time From Creation Event |
Event |
0 | moment of creation (some kind of singularity) |
0 to 10^{-43} seconds | release of space curvature |
10^{-43} seconds | loss of dimensions |
10^{-43} seconds | superforce separates into gravity and the strong electroweak force |
10^{-35} seconds | strong electroweak separates into the strong and electroweak forces |
10^{-35} seconds | photons and leptons appear |
10^{-11} seconds | electroweak force separates into the weak and electromagnetic forces |
10^{-10} seconds | quarks appear |
10^{-5} to 10^{-4} seconds | baryons and anti-baryons appear |
0.001 seconds | annihilation of anti-matter occurs |
3 minutes | nuclei appear |
300,000 years | atoms appear; light separates from darkness (outer space becomes black) |
365 million years | first stars form |
500 million years | first galaxies appear |
2 billion years | all manner of quasars and galaxies appear |
9 billion years | solar system appears |
10 billion years | life created on Earth |
13 billion years | creation of dozens of new phyla (Cambrian explosion) |
13.5 billion years | creation of dinosaurs |
13.73 billion years | creation of man |
13.73 billion years | the present |
*This material belongs to Reasons to Believe at reasons.org. This is a reblogging from RTB.
September 1, 2012 at 10:08
Let’s furnish another mathematical formula below for the computation of age of fossils and the earth that could be located at the website address http://education.gsfc.nasa.gov/ess/Units/Unit4/U4L31A.html :
t = 1/delta In (1+D/P)
where t is the age of a rock or mineral specimen, D is the number of atoms of a daughter product today, P is the number of atoms of the parent product today, ln is the natural logarithm (logarithm to base e), and delta is the appropriate decay constant.
In order that the formula could apply for the computation of the age of fossils or rocks or the earth, the substance or objects or whatever must have established the relationship that one object must be the daughter of another. If the relationship between them could not establish to be one as parent and another as daughter, the above mathematical formula could not be used to compute the age of fossils or rocks or the earth.
Let’s use Samarium-147 and Neodymium-143 as examples for elaboration since scientists have linked up these two objects as parent-daughter relationship that would lead to the decay rate of 106 billion years. The following are the reasons why the computation by means of the above mathematic formula could not be used to compute the age of fossils or rocks or the earth:
a)What if Samarium-147 and Neodymium-143 would have been created in the very beginning and Neodymium-143 would not be the result of decaying from Samarium-147, the relationship between them to be parent and daughter could not be established. As the relationship could not be established in case if they would have been created simultaneously in the very beginning, the above mathematical formula could not apply. This is by virtue of the above formula could only be applicable when two objects have established with the parent-daughter relationship.
b)What if Samarium-147 and Neodymium-143 would be as hard as a diamond that there could be no way for them to decay, the formula could not be applicable to this condition since Both of these items could not be established to be parent-daughter relationship as one could not be the transformation from another.
c)Even if Samarium-147 could decay, how could scientists be so firmly that it could turn up to be Neodymium-143 instead of otherwise since nobody could live billion of years to witness the end-result of transformation for Samarium-147 to be Neodymium-143? As that could be so, to comment Samarium-147 and Neodymium-143 to be parent-daughter relationship and to use them to compute the age of fossils or rocks or the earth would lead to wrong age since they could have no relationship between them in the first place.
d)What if Samarium-147 could decay to Neodymium-143 and yet the decay rate could not be established to be billion of years instead, it could only be a few thousand years, it would certainly affect the figure that has to be used for delta. This is by virtue of the unreliable decay rate would affect the decay constant figure that has to be used in the formula above. As the unreliable decay rate of the above substance would affect the decay constant to be used in the formula above, the end-result of the computation of the age of fossils or rocks or the earth would not be reliable.
As it is hard to jump into the conclusion that one material or substance or whatever could be the daughter of another, this makes the computation to be unreliable and it is irrational to use radioactive dating method to jump into the conclusion that the age of fossils or the earth or rocks could be in billion years.
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June 20, 2012 at 10:13