Abrahamic Covenant References

by Max Andrews

The following chart lists all the references to the Abrahamic Covenant from Genesis 12 to 50 broken down into seven parts.  First is the reference, where it can be found in the book of Genesis.  Then listed is who referred to the covenant and to whom it was directed.  The Circumstances column describes what the situation was like leading up to and at the time of the reference.  The composition is what the reference entailed for the covenant.  The development of the covenant is then tracked and its progression is noted along with any changes within the covenant.

Reference

By Whom

To Whom

Circumstances

Composition

Development

Changes

12.1-3

YHWH Abram Abram is settled in the land of Ur -The Lord’s call for Abram to go to the Land

-Abram will be blessed with a great nation and name

First N/A
13.14-17 YHWH Abram Lot had just left Abram in their travels -The Lord blesses Abram and shows him the Promised Land

-The Lord promises to make Abram’s descendants as numerous as numerous as the dust of the earth

Abram travels from Ur There is an addition to the number of descendants
15.1-18 YHWH Abram Abram and Sarai are too old to bear children -The Lord promises a great reward for Abram

-Abram’s descendants will be as numerous as the stars

-Abram was counted as righteous

-Promises to give the Land

-Abram will die at a good old age

God initiates a ritual by the splitting of animals as a flaming torch passes through the pieces

-The number of descendants is compared to stars

-Abram’s death

Reference

By Whom

To Whom

Circumstances

Composition

Development

Changes

16.1-4

Sarai Abram Sarai is too old for children Conceiving a child with Hagar Hagar and Abram conceive a child Conception of a child
17.1-14 YHWH Abraham Abram was 91 years old -God wants to establish His covenant and multiply Abram exceedingly

-Reaffirms Abram as being the father of many nations

-Abram’s name changed to Abraham

-The covenant shall be unto Abraham’s descendants

-Abraham and his descendants shall be circumcised as a sign of the covenant

-Anyone not circumcised may not be part of the people

-Sarai’s name is changed to Sarah

-Abram’s and Sarai’s names are changed

-A sign of the covenant is given

Names are changed and a sign of the covenant is added
17.18-21 YHWH Abraham Thirteen years have passed since Ishmael’s birth -God will establish His everlasting covenant with Abraham’s descendants from Sarah

-Ishmael will make himself a great nation and multiply exceedingly

The promised son is to be Isaac Hagar is not to bear the promised son
17.24, 27 Abraham YHWH God just gave Abraham the sign of the covenant Abraham and all the men of his household were circumcised Abraham fulfills a requirement for the covenant None
18.10-14 YHWH Sarah Abraham is by the oaks of Mamre Sarah is told she will bear children Progression towards the promised son

None

Reference

By Whom

To Whom

Circumstances

Composition

Development

Changes

18.17-19

YHWH Abraham Sarah had just been told she will bear a child God makes known His plans for Abraham More revelation for Abraham None
21.1-4 YHWH Sarah Abraham had just finished his dealings with Abimelech -Isaac is born

-Isaac is circumcised

God’s promise to Sarah and Abraham about a promised son fulfilled None
22.2, 7-18 YHWH Abraham Abraham had just made a covenant at Beersheba with Abimelech -Abraham must sacrifice Isaac to God

-God will multiply the seed of Abraham as many as the stars

-God will multiply the seed of Abraham as many as the sand of the seashore

-Abraham’s seed will possess the gate of their enemies

-Abraham’s seed will possess all the nations of the earth and be blessed

-Isaac is not sacrificed

-A ram is offered instead

-Abraham passed the test because he had obeyed God’s commandment

Abraham’s first test by God
24.1-4 Abraham Servant Sarah had just died and been buried -The servant was to place his hand under Abraham’s thigh, a sign of commitment to their agreement

-The servant shall not take a wife for Isaac from the Canaanites

-Bring back a wife from Haran for Isaac

The Lord had blessed Abraham in many ways

Isaac is to have a bride

Reference

By Whom

To Whom

Circumstances

Composition

Development

Changes

25.11

YHWH Isaac Abraham had died God blessed Isaac Transition from Abraham to Isaac Abraham is no longer the main patriarch in God’s dealings

 

25.23 YHWH Rebekah Rebekah is pregnant -Two nations are in her womb

-Two people are in her womb

-One shall be stronger than the other

-The older shall serve the younger

More revelation There will be a division in nations and one shall me an enemy to the other
26.1-5 YHWH Isaac There was a famine in the land -Isaac is to stay in the land and not go into Egypt like Abraham

-God will give Isaac’s descendants this land

-God will establish the same oath with Isaac as He did with Abraham

-God will multiply Isaac’s descendants as many as the stars

-By Isaac’s descendants, all the nations of the earth shall be blessed

Isaac has been revealed the same oath and promises that God made with Abraham

God has made an oath with Isaac

Reference

By Whom

To Whom

Circumstances

Composition

Development

Changes

26.24-28

YHWH Isaac Isaac is in Gerar and the local herdsmen are quarreling with Isaac over wells -Isaac is not to fear

-God will bless Isaac and multiply his descendants

Abimelech, with his advisor and army commander, notice a difference in Isaac and acknowledge God and makes a covenant with Isaac

 

None
27.28-29 Isaac Jacob Jacob’s deception to Isaac -God will give Jacob the dew of the heaven, fatness of the earth, and an abundance of grain and new wine

-People will serve Jacob will be a master to his brothers

Jacob receives a blessing Service of brothers to Jacob
28.3-4 Isaac Jacob Jacob is sent away to Paddan-aram -May God bless Jacob and make him fruitful

-Jacob is to take a daughter of Laban

-May Jacob possess the land of his sojourning

Jacob is to find a wife None
28.12-15 YHWH Jacob Jacob has a dream in the midst of his travel -The land in which Jacob lies, will be given to him

-Jacob’s descendants will be like the dust of the earth and spread west, east, north, and south

-Descending families will be blessed

The promises of Abraham and Isaac are given to Jacob

The spreading of descendants

Reference

By Whom

To Whom

Circumstances

Composition

Development

Changes

32.24-29

A Man (God) Jacob Jacob is wrestling a man all night until daybreak because Jacob wants to be blessed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The man blessed Jacob Jacob’s name is changed to Israel None
35.1-15 YHWH Israel Jacob moves to Bethel -God tells Jacob to move to Bethel

-Put away the foreign gods among you

-Jacob shall be named Israel

-Israel will be fruitful and multiplied

-Kings shall come forth from Israel

-Israel will be given the land

More promises emphasized on Israel Kings shall come forth from Israel
45.7-11 Joseph Brothers -Joseph is an official in Egypt

-Joseph’s brothers come to Egypt in a famine

-God had made Joseph a ruler in Egypt

-The brothers are to go tell Jacob

-The house of Israel is to live in the land of Goshen

The house of Israel is to come and live in Egypt

The promised land must be purified before the house of Israel can make claim to it

Reference

By Whom

To Whom

Circumstances

Composition

Development

Changes

46.1-4

YHWH Israel Israel is about to move into Egypt -God instructs Israel to not be afraid of moving to Egypt

-God will make a great nation down in Egypt

-God will be with them

Israel moves to Egypt None
47.29-30 Israel Joseph Israel is about to die Joseph is to place his hand under Israel’s thigh to promise to bury Israel in the promised land Israel requests where he is to be buried None
48.15-22 Israel Joseph Israel’s last words May the names of Abraham and Isaac live on and grow into a multitude Israel passes on a blessing None
49 Israel Sons Israel’s prophecy to his sons Israel prophesies each of his twelve sons The twelve sons are described in prophecy None
50.12-14 Sons of Israel - The death of Israel Israel is buried in Canaan at Machpelah before Mamre Joseph returned to Egypt

None

 

 


4 Comments to “Abrahamic Covenant References”

  1. Wow this is awesome. Is it possible to get a copy of this chart in excel or something? I love this.

  2. Thank you for posting this. I was having a hard time understanding this at first.

    God bless!

  3. Thanks, this was helpful in getting a birds eye view of the covenantal process :)

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